In haplodiploid species, optimal sex ratio further depends on the level .. by a process called Local Resource Enhancement (or LRE; [56.
Kapranas A, Hardy ICW, Tang X, Gardner A & Li B Sex ratios, virginity and local resource enhancement in a quasisocial parasitoid.
explanations for sex ratio variation among vertebrates are still the subject of .. Local resource enhancement (LRE) is the converse of LRC (although there is no .. virgin females are able to reproduce but are constrained to produce male.
In the present case, alternative selection pressures may influence sex ratio including the patterns of female dispersal, fertilization insurance and LREand appropriate models and field data will therefore be needed to test sex allocation theory in X. The Evolution of Social Behavior in Insects and Arachnids. View Article PubMed Google Scholar Normark BB, Jordal BH, Farrell BD: Origin of a haplodiploid beetle lineage. The first is sampling bias of the field sex ratios. Speciation and evolutionary genetics.